13th Apr 1919: Large contingent of the 22nd Bn sail home on ‘Castalia’

castalia_463With the repatriation of the soldiers back to Australia now in full swing, probably the largest single contingent of the 22nd Battalion to sail home together left Devonport on the SS ‘Castalia’ (picture right). For many it was the chance to renew old aquaintances as can be seen with half of the thirteen men of the 5th Reinforcements that left Melbourne on the RMS ‘Osterley’ in September 1915 but had subsequently been transferred to other Units such as the Pioneers in early 1916. For the duration of the voyage Lieut. Harricks, MC, was the Battalion Adjutant, and photographs taken during the six week journey from his personal collection can be found in his story ‘My War: 1915 -1919’ written and compiled by Jennie Marshall.

4th Apr 1919: Regimental Dinner signals final social event of 22nd Bn abroad

Regimental Dinner was held at the Maison du Peuple, Marcinelle, as the final social event of the 22nd Battalion abroad and acted as a farewell to the 7 Officers and 89 Other Ranks proceeding home on the next quota. The dinner was very successful, speeches were given and songs rendered, and the gathering was exemplary of the spirit and camaraderie that existed in the battalion between all ranks.

1st Mar 1919: Remaining 450 men of 22nd Bn pass time around Charleroi

Charleroi - H15645For the month of March, when for the most part excellent weather prevailed, the 36 Officers and 414 Other Ranks had plenty of time on their hands with rifle and kit inspections in the morning and lectures arranged by the educational branch. Visits were arranged to various industrial institutions in the Charleroi area. Films were shown nightly in the 6th Brigade cinema, as well as several dances arranged in the local hall attended by the men and the local mademoiselles, with the music performed by the Battalion band (photograph or men outside the YMCA Club, Charleroi). Through the month 14 Officers and 24 Other Ranks would be Struck off Strength as they returned to Australia, either in small groups or sometimes individually, with no large quota allocation this month.

22nd Feb 1919: PM Hughes addresses AIF 2nd Div

Prime Minister William Hughes inspected the three Brigades of the Australian 2nd Division in the square at Marcinelle. PM Hughes addressed the parade and spoke about what was being done about repatriation and his efforts in the Paris Peace Conference. He was accorded a great reception by the troops and was given a great cheer on his departure.

12th Feb 1919: 22nd Bn billeted amongst Marcinelle townsfolk

Marcinelle - C04775On what was a fine day, the 22nd Battalion marched via Somze to new billets at the Charleroi suburb of Marcinelle (photograph right). During this period practically the whole Battalion lived in private houses as guests of the civilian population where strong friendships were made, and as this was the first time since Egypt the Battalion was billeted close to a large city this was much appreciated by the men.

18th Jan 1919: Start of the Paris Peace Negotiations

To the surprise of many in Germany, given that their armies were still on foreign land, the Germans were not given a fair place at the table. On the other hand the Allies were deeply divided on their aims, with the French wanting to cripple Germany for centuries, but President Woodrow Wilson’s American delegation wanting a League of Nations (although the American people were much less keen on the idea.) Although there were 32 countries and nationalities represented, events were dominated by the small group of the major nations which became known as the ‘Big Four’, France, Britain, US, and Italy.

15th Jan 1919: 1915 personnel begin return to Australia

With repatriation now starting to take place instructions were issued regarding pay allowances, leave etc during and after return to Australia. At 10.15 am all available officers and men paraded in the square to bid goodbye to the 1 Officer and 73 Other Ranks of the 1915 personnel marching out for return to Australia. From 1pm A & B and C & D Companies were amalgamated and for the 34 Officers and 501 Other Ranks that remained administered as Nos 1 & 2 companies respectively.